1 March 13, 2015
1. Marianna Bachledová
Terminology and the Internet in the Context of Slovak Translation: How to Avoid Traps
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 3-9.
The article presents terminology search and verification methods in the modern translator’s work and identifies the caveats of using the internet as a source of information with regard to the absence of any revision by experts and its impact on the target language culture. Internet sources of terminology are further categorised into groups and discussed from the point view of their reliability and technical skills requirements. The author presents basic commands for using search engines as a practical tool for the translators and explains their usage and subsequently shows how Daniel Gile’s Sequential Model of translation can be applied to verify terminology.
2. Agata Buda
The Experience of Time and Space in Hard Times by Charles Dickens
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 10-18.
The paper is the attempt to present the analysis of the novel Hard Times by Charles Dickens in terms of time and space relations, according to the theory of Mikhail Bakchtin. The author of the article distinguishes different types of chronotope that constitute the construction of the novel. This distinction is based on the oppositions: town versus circus, where town represents the materialistic unchangeable world and the circus stands for spiritual life and symbol of freedom. The town represents a typical nineteenth – century industrial area, where life concentrates only on work and the inhabitants move like machines in the same directions every day; the circus, on the other hand, is the embodiment of human freedom, where people move in different dimensions (up and down, left and right, forewards and backwards). The movement in both places has a metaphorical meaning: it refers either to the limitations imposed on humans (factories and school in the town) or to the pursuit for happiness (circus). By using such contrasts Dickens wanted to achieve the effect of realism in depicting Victorian world.
3. Vasyl Derevinskyi
Ukrainian Human Rights Organization (1971–1972)
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 19-23.
The author examined the peculiarities of creation of the first Ukrainian organization of human rights, which was created at the beginning of 1970-s – Public protection Committee Nina Strokata, on the basis of different materials and documents, which are kept in The State Archives Security Service of Ukraine. There was found out the reasons and the peculiarities of creation, the aim and the task of the program and the first human rights measures of the Committee.
4. Alexander Fedorov
Grigory Rasputin in the Mirror of Western Screen
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 24-27.
The article argues the approaches to the analysis of Western screen stereotypes of Grigory Rasputin as a kind of a metaphor of Russia's image in Western interpretation. Thus, as a result of the analysis it can be concluded that the Western film interpretations using Grigory Rasputin's image construct an extremely simplistic image of the country. Consequently, a barbaric, unpredictable, rebellious, mystical, and most importantly – a strange, not compatible with the normal US-European way of life, image of Russia is created.
5. Petra Jesenská
A Few Notes on the Nature of English Chat Communication
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 28-34.
The chat communication provides once unimaginable possibilities of connection between people who are distant thousands of miles from each other. The objective of the paper is to describe, analyze, and explain the nature of this new form of communication by pointing out to its crucial features which make it hybrid of both spoken discourse and written texts.
6. Olga A. Krapivkina
Pragmatic Effects of First-Person Pronouns in Academic Discourse
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 35-39.
The paper deals with the pragmatic effect of first-person pronouns in academic discourse. The paper argues that scholars use personal pronouns pursuing different communicative purposes. Empirical analysis of eight academic papers written in English and Russian has shown that the authors use personal pronouns to create specific pragmatic effects. The frequency of personal pronouns has shown the degree of explicit author presence in academic discourse.
7. Júlia Palovičová
Impact of Menstruation Cycle on Physical Activity of University´s Students in Banská Bystrica
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 40-48.
In the article the author was trying to find out opinions of university female students on executing a motion activity during periods. Throughout the analysis of gathered results she found out, that university female students don’t execute a motion activity in a full range and the hours are being used ineffectively during periods.
8. Mark V. Shugurov
Perspectives of International Technology Transfer in the TRIPS-plus era: Problems and Solutions
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 48-57.
The purpose of this study is to investigate impact of TRIPS-plus provisions concerning the protection of intellectual property rights on further development of international technology transfer to developing countries. The study is methodologically based on recognition of dual influence of IPRs on international technology transfer that is under discussion after adoption of the TRIPS Agreement. The author shows that there is evidence of posing of IPRs as a factor of restriction with regard to transfer and dissemination of technology. This study find that problems of negative impact of strengthening of the protection of intellectual property rights have increased due to real or possible implementation of so-called TRIPs-plus provisions included to myriad of contemporary Free Trade Agreements. Author reviews comprehensively the essence of the TRIPS-plus era reflected in a new changes in international technology transfer. Analysis is accomplished by exploration of provisions of more significant FTAs. The study concluded that active use of flexible mechanisms of the TRIPS by developing countries could restrain negative effects of a TRIPS-plus provisions. Simultaneously, author of study offers valuable insight for updating the global policy in area of the IPRs protection and of technology transfer in the TRIPS-plus era, making some suggestions on harmonization of interests of developed and developing countries.
9. Artur Zimny, Karina Zawieja-Żurowska
The Importance of Employee and Resident Competences in the Context of Enterprise and Regional Management
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 58-72.
The aim of this elaboration is to emphasize that possessing competent employees and residents is a necessary condition of skillful, efficient enterprise and regional management leading to their development. Achieving this goal which refers to two perspectives: microeconomic (enterprise viewpoint) and macroeconomic (regional point of view) required using the proper data. Thus, the results of research project called the Study of Human Capital in Poland conducted jointly by the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development and the Jagiellonian University (Centre for Evaluation and Analysis of Public Policies) have been used in the part concerning employees’ competences. The part dedicated to residents’ competences has been based on the selected information written down in development strategies of particular regions (voivodeship). All the mentioned above information was downloaded from the websites of particular institutions in February 2015.