2 June 30, 2015
1. Jakub Bartoszewski
Psychotherapy of Possibilities: the Basic Components of the System Theoretical and Practical Approach
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 75-81.
In the proposed article, we take issue related to psychotherapy of possibilities. It is a concept that originated on the basis of philosophical research; hence it is based on the philosophy of the possibilities of Nicola Abbagnano. In the theoretical part we present the issue of coexistence, while indicating an elementary function of being-with; this procedure allowed us to show the role and importance of being-with in psychotherapy of possibilities, whose main goal is being-therapist with the patient to work together to solve his problems. Being-with constitutes the human existence and at the same time shows in which "existential processes" the man has shaped up and what an impact have they had on the satisfaction of needs, and hence on the triple movement of transcendence, so: being-with-own self, with another and the-world. In the proposed solutions we have tried to indicate on what psychotherapy of opportunities is based and identify the source and cause of the perception of one own self, others and the world. The conclusion is somehow re-looking at the proposed topic from the perspective of summaries.
2. Alexander Fedorov
Narrative Analysis of Media Texts in the Classroom for Student Audience
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 82-88.
The author analyzes the features of the narrative analysis of media texts on media education classes in the university. The paper also provides examples of creative problems and issues associated with this type of narrative analysis in the context of media education problems, ie based on six key concepts of media literacy education: agency, category, language, technology, audience, representation. The author argues that the narrative analysis of media texts on media education classes can significantly develop media competence of students, including critical thinking and perception.
3. Olga A. Krapivkina
Writer’s Stances in Legal Discourse and Linguistic Tools of Their Verbalization
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 89-93.
The article deals with the linguistic tools used to verbalize the writer’s stances in legal discourse. The author argues that the writer as a discourse category is prototypically organized. The article determines central and peripheral features of the category. The linguistic units possessing central features are considered to be prototypical markers, while those ones lacking central features are considered atypical. Among central and peripheral linguistic tools used to verbalize the writer’s discourse stances, the author distinguishes first-person singular and plural pronouns in subjective and objective cases, first-person singular and plural possessive pronouns, proper names, institutional role descriptors, indefinite personal, impersonal and subjectless passive constructions. These linguistic tools are used to represent the writer in legal discourse both explicitly and implicitly varying utterances from personal to impersonal.
4. Günter Şenyurt, Abdülhamit Subaşı
Forecasting the Price Index Return and Movement Direction using Data Mining Techniques
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 94-108.
Even though many new data mining techniques have been introduced in prediction estimation, there is still no single best solution to all financial problems. In this study, the performances of data mining techniques based on the daily Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE) Index are examined and compared. The linear regression model, simple logistic (classification), artificial neural networks (ANN) and support vector machines (SVM) models are utilized in two ways, one for classification of market movements and the other for predicting price index returns through regression. Ten technical market indicators, 7 macroeconomic variables, a couple of other international market indices and a sliding window of ten inputs make up the 30 attributes used in this study. Different combinations of attribute sets are experimented with different ANN and SVM model parameter values to find the highest forecasting accuracy.
5. Mark V. Shugurov
The Problem of Legitimacy of Law in the Context of Global Legitimacy Crisis
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 109-122.
The article discusses such subject matter, as the development of understanding the legal philosophy role for overcoming the current global crisis of legitimacy. In this situation there is being elevated the actuality of elucidating the substantive charging of the idea of the legitimacy of law. The author's starting point is that the concept of the law legitimacy still does not attain the systemic form. This article examine the directions of conceptualizing the law legitimacy that may act as a perspective subject matter for the modern legal philosophy. It is arguable that within legitimacy of social order the all forms of legitimacy is importance, especially, the legal legitimacy that gives rise to formal shaping of social order. The methodology of article is based upon detailed scrutinizing the different approaches to phenomenon of the law legitimacy. There is analyzed the scope and the content of term ‘legitimacy’ in the political and the legal philosophy through comparative lens. Furthermore, author stresses the new aspects of the legitimacy crisis in age of globalization as the topic for legal philosophy mediation. The novelty of represented article consists in conclusion that targeted tasks of the legal philosophy are to take vigorously up the mechanisms of legitimacy and explicating their breaches.
6. Anna Włodarczyk-Stachurska
On the Problems in EFL lexicography
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2015, Vol.(6), Is. 2, pp. 123-130.
The aim of the present paper is to analyse the problems in today’s EFL lexicography. Taking into consideration the fact that any dictionary is aimed at paving the path to better understanding and – at the same time – to the easier acquisition of the target language, the question that arises pertains to the kind of information a good dictionary should provide? Hence, it is important to investigate the type of information sought and, as a consequence, the way lexicographers deal with the task.