2 September 25, 2017
1. Gnabro Ouakoubo Gaston, Vanga Adja Ferdinand, Affesi Adon Simon
Waste Management in the City of Abidjan: from the Colonial Times to the years of Independence
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2017, 4(2): 55-66.
This article gives a succinct account of the history of the creation of the city of Abidjan, the economic capital, its settlement, the production of waste of all kinds and their management. Through this research, essential points can be retained. As early as 1965, the State entrusted the management of waste to the African industrial automobile transport company (SITAF). In the mid- 1990s, it terminated SITAF's contract for the benefit of other suppliers. Despite the presence of these, the city of Abidjan is plunged in piles of waste that make the living environment unhealthy and whose odors pollute the air. The reasons are social, economic, technical and financial. The socio-political crises that followed (1999, 2002 and 2011) led to massive displacement of several families. Fleeing the hostilities of the war, they came to take refuge in Abidjan where they think they are safe. Waste has therefore increased throughout the city of Abidjan as a result of these migratory movements. The new companies that have taken over SITAF are disorganized, and among them there are informal ones whose owners are struggling to pay their workers. Companies under the authority of the National Agency for Urban Sanitation (ANASUR) for the management of waste do not possess the appropriate equipment to carry out properly the tasks entrusted to them.
2. Nguyen Thi Hong
Prospects of ASEAN-India Relations: An Analysis
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2017, 4(2): 67-74.
ASEAN-India relations have been broadening and deepening since 1992 on the basis of mutual understandings and mutual interests. As India and ASEAN have emerged as significant players in Indo-Pacific geopolitics, developments of ASEAN-India relations have attracted academic attention. This paper seeks to offer a broad picture of ASEAN-India relations and importantly put forth some suggestions to enhance this relationship in the future. It will examine ASEAN’s perspectives of India’s Look East Policy towards ASEAN. Then it will explore how the SEAN-India partnership has progressed since 1992. It will also make some recommendations to further advance this partnership in the future.
3. Nino E. Kakhashvili
Al. Kazbegi Creation and Newspaper Materials about Georgian and North Caucasian Mountaineers’ Sworn Brotherhood
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2017, 4(2): 75-78.
The work deals with the importance of Georgian and North Caucasian mountaineers’ sworn brotherhood. Alexander Kazbegi’s writings and newspaper materials have been studied in that regard. The work reviews: the role Alexander Kazbegi gives to the matter of Georgian and Caucasian mountaineers’ sworn brotherhood in his creation and publicism; whether religious diversity was a hindering point for Georgians and Kists in becoming blood brothers and whether this sworn brotherhood was the facilitating tradition for Georgian and Caucasian mountaineers’ good neighborly and peaceful cohabitation or not. According to the studied materials, it is quite clear that Georgian and North Caucasian mountaineers’ sworn brotherhood covers pure relations. Writer’s whole creation or publications clearly reveal that neighbor nations always shared each others’ difficulties. Caucasian people relation with the tradition of blood brotherhood and establishing good neighborly and peaceful cohabitation between them represents Alexander Kazbegi’s greatest desire.
4. Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
Cultural Identity and Language of Children of Migrants from Serbia and Montenegro who Live in Denmark − Preliminary Research Report
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2017, 4(2): 79-87.
This preliminary research report deals with the experiences of children of immigrants from Serbia and Montenegro in who live Denmark cultural identity and language. Using a method of qualitative survey and interviewing we aim at answering the following research question: the level of communication of his mother language, or functions which they perform that language. The second part was is test of knowledge. In the third part of the respondents were required to write an essay. This preliminary research report uses the social identity theory approach as a framework for the analysis because it helps explain how the social context can affect identity formation. “When conducting a study, it is important that much care is taken to ensure that the research has been conducted in unison with ethical considerations, which means that researchers need to respect the persons involved in the study and consider the harm it might create for them. This study took into consideration both the ethical aspects advocated by Kvale and Brinkmann (2009)” and Mao and Sundell (2014) (see Mao, Sundell, 2014).
5. Mzia Shelia
Ageing of Population in a Transitional Society: Case of Georgia
European Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 2017, 4(2): 88-97.
The process of ageing of the population of Georgia has been continuing for the last two centuries. At the current stage of demographic development, the process of demographic ageing is determined by an intense emigration of population. The studies carried out have demonstrated that there is no any other country like Georgia which has such clear regional differences in terms of the age structure in the area which is very small. Georgia is distinguished with a vast ethno religious and regional variety of ageing of population that has contributed to an uneven nature of ageing. The presented work covers specifics of ageing of the population of Georgia in the post- Soviet period. In particular, it provides an analysis of the problems caused by an accelerated pace of ageing of population given the high poverty rates. The work discusses some socio-economic problems of the aged population, estimates the demographic changes which may occur as a result of the ageing and identifies the relationship between poverty, migration and ageing in a transitional society as well as the problems relating to the determination of the pension age given the existing demographic dividends. The work provides an overview of the role of intergenerational transfers in the social security of the elder.